Submitted by Manjula on Fri, 04/26/2013

What is gastritis? Gastritis is a condition characterize by the inflammation or swelling of stomach lining, there are many types acute, chronic, etc.


Gastritis develops when the stomach lining becomes inflamed or swollen. There are different types of gastritis based on their cause or length of attack. They are:

  • Gastritis that last for a short time is acute gastritis.
  • Gastritis that last for months to years is chronic gastritis.
  • In addition to inflammation of stomach lining, there is slow wearing started is erosive gastritis.
  • Two entities of atrophic gastritis are type A and B. Type A atrophic gastritis is due to autoimmune disorder. Type B atrophic gastritis is due to infection with Helicobacter pylori.
  • Gastritis develops due to over alcohol consumption is alcoholic gastritis.

Gastritis prevalence

An estimated 50% of the world's population infecting by H pylori, thus chronic gastritis is extremely common. It is high prevalence in Asia and in developing countries, and multifocal atrophic gastritis too is more prevalent in these areas. Autoimmune gastritis is a relatively rare condition, more frequently noted in northern European descent and in African Americans.