The stomach is an important organ that plays a major role in food digestion. The food reaches the stomach through esophagus, and the partially digested food (chyme) is sent from the stomach to the small intestine for further digestion and absorption of food.
The stomach is an organ between esophagus and small intestine.
The stomach size may vary from one person to another, but the 'J' shape of the stomach is common to all. The stomach is located in the upper part of the abdomen just below the left-side rib cage. Stomach is an enlarged, saclike portion of the alimentary canal. Well-developed adult's stomach capacity is about 0.94 liters (1 qt), still stomach can be able to expand like a balloon when you overeat.
Stomach secretes Hcl acid and maintains an acidic environment of pH 2; this acidic environment is to kill microbes and to help break down food, in particular, denatures proteins. The stomach inner walls have so well constructed to withstand this high acidic environment.
There are many diseases associated with the stomach, these various stomach problems named as Gastropathy (a common term of various stomach diseases).
The most common symptoms of stomach problems are nausea, vomiting, bloating, cramps, pain, and diarrhea. The stomach problems are mostly associated with infection, low acid or high acid secretion.
Common Stomach Problems
- Bezoar (A bezoar is a ball of swallowed foreign material (usually hair or fiber) that collects in the stomach and fails to pass through the intestines.)
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Bleeding in the Digestive Tract
- Motility Disorders of the Stomach (Delayed gastric emptying (gastroparesis), Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS), Rapid gastric emptying (dumping syndrome), Functional dyspepsia)
- Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome
- Gastroparesis (delayed gastric emptying)
- Gastric varices
- Stomach bleeding
- H. pylori and Peptic Ulcers
- Menetrier disease
- Rapid Gastric Emptying
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES)
- Stomach cancer
- Dumping syndrome
- Stomach polyps (gastric polyps)
- Gastric ulcer (stomach ulcer)
- Heartburn or pyrosis
- Peptic ulcer
- Helicobacter pylori infection
- Pyloric stenosis (narrowing of the pylorus, the open from the stomach into the small intestine)
- Duodenal ulcer
Please visit back after some day is for detail information and treatments (by both modern and alternative medicines) for the above-said stomach problems.