Causes of indigestion are certain conditions (such as ulcers, GERD), medications (aspirin, antibiotics, steroids) and lifestyles (smoking, stress).
What causes indigestion dyspepsia?
Sometimes a person has indigestion without any apparent cause called functional dyspepsia occurred within the area where the stomach meets the small intestine. The indigestion may relate to abnormal motility, squeezing or relaxing action of the stomach muscle as it receives, digests, and carries food into the small intestine.
Indigestion dyspepsia has many causes, which include:
- Diseases - Causes of indigestion are due to condition in the digestive tract such as GERD, peptic ulcer, gastroparesis (delayed gastric emptying), gallstones, stomach infection, irritable bowel syndrome, stomach cancer (rarely) or abnormality of the pancreas or bile ducts. If the condition resolves, the indigestion symptoms usually improve.
- Medications – Long-term use of certain medications may cause indigestion. Some of these medications are Aspirin, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Estrogen & oral contraceptives, steroid, few antibiotics, and thyroid medications.
- Lifestyle – unhealthy eating (too-much, too fast (hurried), high-fat food, spicy food, high-fiber, excess caffeine or eating during stress), over-drinking alcohol, smoking cigarette, fatigue, nervousness and stress can cause dyspepsia.
Hurried eating by swallowing excess air during eating may increase the symptoms of belching and bloating often associated with indigestion.
Sometimes people have persistent indigestion without any apparent cause called functional, or non-ulcer dyspepsia.
In the middle and later stages of pregnancy, many women have indigestion may be due to numerous pregnancy-related factors. This includes hormones, which relax the digestive tract muscles and the pressure exert on the stomach by the growing uterus.